Bats are natural reservoirs for many viruses, including coronaviruses. The spillover of these viruses from bats to other animals and eventually to humans has been implicated in several recent pandemics, including COVID-19.
he trade and consumption of wildlife, especially in markets where different species are in close contact, can create opportunities for the transmission of diseases from animals to humans. This was a contributing factor in the emergence of COVID-19.
ntensive farming practices, such as those in factory farms, can create conditions that promote the spread of diseases among animals.
As humans encroach on natural habitats through deforestation and land-use changes, there is an increased risk of contact between humans and wildlife, potentially leading to the transmission of diseases from animals to humans.
In some regions, the hunting and consumption of wild animals for food, known as bushmeat, can be a source of zoonotic diseases. Ebola, for example, has been linked to bushmeat consumption.